Resources/Sal Seed


Name of the Commodity : SAL (Seed and Resin)

Botanical Name : Shorea Robusta Gaertn.f.
Family : Dipterocarpaecae
  English-Sal   Hindi & Beng- Sal, sakhu, shal
  Mar. & Guj.-Ral, rala(resin)   Tel.-Gugal, Guggilamu (resin)
  Tam.-Kungiliyam(resin)   Kan.-Kabba(resin);
  Mal.-Mara-maram(resin)   Oriya-Sal, sagua, salwa, sekwa
  Punjab & Harayan- Sal, seral(resin)   Lepcha-Taksal-kung
  Assam-Sal, Diengblei, Hal-orang, Bolsal  
A large sub-deciduous, free. Bark reddish brown. Fruits 10-15 mm long and 10 mm in diameter ovoid, reddish to pale brownish green in colour, one seeded with five wing like persistent sepals. Seed ovoid with unequal cotyledoms.
Parts Used
Sal Seed, Oil, DOC, Resin
The estimated potential availability of Sal Seed in India is 15 lakh tonnes. The potential of Sal Fat availability is around 1.80 lakh tonnes. However, only 6,000 to 9000 tons of Sal fat is being produced annually in India.
Uses of Oil

The oil is greenish white to whitish in colour. The oil is used locally for cooking and lighting and is said to be employed for adulterating ghee. It is suitable for soap making after blending with other softer oils. It is also suitable as a substitute for coco butter in the manufacture of chocolates.

Sal Resin

On tapping, the sal tree yields an oleoresin known as SAL DAMMAR Or BENGAL DAMMAR(Lal-dhuna, ral, dhup, guggal).

Large quantities of sal resin are produced in India and it forms one of the important resins of commerce. Sal demur is widely used as incense specially as an ingredient of Samagri which is burnt in religious ceremonies and cremation rites it emits copious white fumes. It is also used inferior quality paints and varnishes for caulking boats. It is also used for hardling softer waxes for use in the manufacture of shoe polishes, carbon paper, typewriter ribbon, plastering medium for walls and roofs and as a cementing material for plywood asbestors sheats etc.

The resin is used in indigenous system of medicine as an astringent and detergent and is given is diarrhea and dicentry.

Sal Resin Oil
(i) Sal Resin Oil on dry distillation yields

Oan essential oil, known as Chua oil. The oil is light brownish yellow in colour and has an agreeable incense-like odour.

Chaua oil is used as a fixative in heavy perfumes and for flavouring and chewing and smoking tabacco. It is used in medicine as an antiseptic for skin diseases and for ear troubles.


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