Resources/Amla

 

Name of the Commodity : Amla

Botanical Name : Emblica officinalis.
Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
 
Synonyms
English  :  Emblic myrobalan tree, Indian gooseberry Hindi  :  Amalaki, Amla, Amlika, Aonla, Anuli, Anvula, Anvurah, Anwered, Aungra, Aunra, Daula
Malayalam  :  Amalakam, Nelli, Nellimaram, Nelikka Oriya  :  Khondana, Onola, Anda, Anala, Amla, Amlaki
Punjabi  :  Ambal, Ambli, Amla, Aonla, Ambul Telgu  :  Amalakamu, Amalaki, Nelli, Pullayusirika, Triphalamu, Usirika, Usirikaya, Usiriki, Usri
Tamil  :  Amalagam, Andakoram, Indul, Kattunelli, Nelli, Perunelli Sirottom, Tattiri, Toppunelli, , Nelli-kai, Nellimar;  
 
Description

A moderate- sized deciduous tree found wild or planted throughout the deciduous forests of tropical India. It is also cultivated in large scale in the states of Jharkhand, U.P., Mahdya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra etc. Amla tree start bearing fruits in seven to eight years after planting while the budded clones start bearing fruits from the fifth year onwards. The fruits are light green at first, changes into dull greenish yellow on maturity. Appropriate harvesting time for Amla fruits is February when the fruits have maximum ascorbic acid content. In South India, fruits are found throughout the year. The mature fruits are hard and they do not fall by gentle touch and therefore vigorous shaking is required. For getting attractive prices, grading of fruits on the basis of size should be done after harvesting.

 
Parts Used
Dried Fruit, Fresh Fruits, Leaves, Root bark and Flowers
 
Yield

A matured tree of about 10 years will yield 50-70 kg. of fruit. The average weight of the fruit is 60-70 g. One kg. Contains 15-20 number of fruits. A well-maintained tree can give yield up to an age of 70 years. The yield decreases with the increase of age of tree.

 
Varieties
Depending on the size of the fruit and place of origin there are various varieties of Amla like Vanarasi Chakiya, Francis, Krishna, Kanchan etc.
 
Uses

Amla fruit is an ingredient of many compound formulation. It is generally used in combination with two other Myrobalans (Harad and Baheda) . A fixed oil extracted from the fruit is reported to have the property of promoting hair growth. “Triphala” consisting of equal part of emblic, cheublic and belleric myrobalans(Phyllanthus emblica, Terminalia chebula and Terminalia bellirica) is used as a laxative and in headache, biliousness, dyspepsia, constipation, piles, enlarged liver.

 
Trading of Amla

Fresh Amla is mainly consumed by pharmacies for preparation of Chayawanparash. For procuring fresh Amla pharmacies generally enter into buy back agreement with the farmers/cultivators before the start of the season. Fresh Amla is also procured from fruit and vegetable mandies.

The dried Amla is collected from the wild /produced by cultivation and marketed in various APMC Mandis. The agents of the traders of big cities give the supply to them and in turn big traders sell the product to the end users mainly manufacture of the Indian System of Medicines.

 

 


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